- Insulin lowers elevated blood sugars. Glucagon raises low blood sugars.
- Insulin shifts the metabolism into storage mode. Glucagon shifts it into the burning mode.
- Insulin converts glucose and proteins into fat. Glucagon converts proteins and fat into glucose.
- Insulin converts dietary fat into storage and glucagon converts dietary fat into ketones for energy.
- Insulin removes fat from blood and transports it into fat cells in the blood to tissues. Glucagon releases fat from fat cells for energy.
- Insulin increases the body’s production of cholesterol. Glucagon decreases it.
- Insulin stimulates the use of glucose for energy. Glucagon stimulates the use of fat for energy.
- Insulin makes the kidneys retain water and glucagon makes them release excess fluid.
- Insulin stimulates the growth of arterial smooth muscle and glucagon stimulates regression.
Source: adapted from”Protein Power.”