The incidence of diabetes in men is slightly greater than in women, according to a study of 11,654 Norwegian men and women ages 35 to 52. Over the course of 12 years, 87 men and 75 women with diabetes were studied.
Body mass index was a predictor of diabetes in both sexes, and ranked as the predominant factor in men. High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was inversely related to diabetes in women, but not in men. Serum glucose levels were significant predictors of diabetes in both sexes, while height was inversely related to diabetes only in women.
-American Journal of Epidemiology 1998 (147:49-58.)