In a review paper published in the July 2005 issue of Nutrition and Metabolism, researchers at the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Hypertension at the State University of New York say that a high-carbohydrate diet raises postprandial plasma glucose and insulin secretion, thereby increasing risk of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity and diabetes.
The researchers add that the current epidemic of diabetes and obesity has been, over the past three decades, accompanied by a significant decrease in fat consumption and an increase in carbohydrate consumption.
“This apparent failure of the traditional diet, from a public health point of view, indicates that alternative dietary approaches are needed.”
The researchers say that evidence from various randomized controlled trials in recent years has convinced them that low-carb diets are safe and effective, at least in the short-term.
“These data show low-carbohydrate diets to be comparable or better than traditional low-fat, high-carbohydrate diets for weight reduction, improvement in the dyslipidemia of diabetes and metabolic syndrome as well as control of blood pressure, postprandial glycemia and insulin secretion.”
—Nutrition and Metabolism, July 14, 2005