Elimination of infection by the gastric organism Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in people with type 1 diabetes might be associated with better control of blood glucose.
In previous studies, researchers from Children’s Hospital in New Orleans had noted that insulin requirements and A1C levels increased in children with diabetes who were infected with H. pylori, compared with their uninfected peers.
In the most recent study, eight children with type 1 diabetes and H. pylori infection were treated to eliminate the infection. Each child was matched with two children who had diabetes but were not infected with H. pylori (controls) and followed for two years.
After elimination therapy, the A1C levels of children formerly infected with H. pylori steadily decreased. At the end of the study, these children and the control subjects had comparable A1C values.
—Southern Medical Journal, August 2002