Magnesium is a mineral that is essential for the digestion of carbohydrates. As part of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, researchers evaluated magnesium levels in over 12,000 people and found over six years of follow-up that those with the lowest levels had a significantly increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. While it is a reasonable hypothesis, there is no proof yet that magnesium supplements can decrease this risk or improve glycemic control for type 2s.
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