Exercise Research

Walking to Work Decreases Type 2 Risk Japanese researchers say that the duration of a walk to work is associated with a decreased risk of incidence of type 2 diabetes in Japanese men.

Study participants, who included 9,205 Japanese men aged 40 to 55 years, were free of type 2 diabetes at study entry. During the four-year follow-up period, 920 cases of type 2 were confirmed.

“After [being] adjusted for age, body mass index, daily alcohol consumption, smoking habits, parental history of diabetes, regular physical activity and fasting plasma glucose level, the odds ratio of type 2 diabetes were 1.00 for a walk of 10 minutes or less, 0.85 for a walk of 11 to 20 minutes and 0.72 for a walk of 20 minutes or more,” write the researchers.


Exercise Called a Protector Against Coronary Artery Calcification

According to researchers, physical activity may have a protective effect against coronary artery calcification. This finding, however, was found only in women with type 1 diabetes and was not found in men.

The reasons for the gender difference merit further investigation.


U.S. and U.K. Kids Not Exercising

Fewer than half of prepubertal boys and only one-eighth of prepubertal girls achieve the current U.S. and U.K. guidelines for physical activity.


Decreasing Basal During Workout Alleviates Hypos

Researchers say that discontinuing basal insulin during exercise is “an effective strategy for reducing hypoglycemia in children with type 1 diabetes.” They note, however, that the risk of high blood glucose may be increased.


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