Walking to Work Decreases Type 2 Risk Japanese researchers say that the duration of a walk to work is associated with a decreased risk of incidence of type 2 diabetes in Japanese men.
Study participants, who included 9,205 Japanese men aged 40 to 55 years, were free of type 2 diabetes at study entry. During the four-year follow-up period, 920 cases of type 2 were confirmed.
“After [being] adjusted for age, body mass index, daily alcohol consumption, smoking habits, parental history of diabetes, regular physical activity and fasting plasma glucose level, the odds ratio of type 2 diabetes were 1.00 for a walk of 10 minutes or less, 0.85 for a walk of 11 to 20 minutes and 0.72 for a walk of 20 minutes or more,” write the researchers.
Exercise Called a Protector Against Coronary Artery Calcification
According to researchers, physical activity may have a protective effect against coronary artery calcification. This finding, however, was found only in women with type 1 diabetes and was not found in men.
The reasons for the gender difference merit further investigation.[1015-P]
U.S. and U.K. Kids Not Exercising
Fewer than half of prepubertal boys and only one-eighth of prepubertal girls achieve the current U.S. and U.K. guidelines for physical activity.[1013-P]
Decreasing Basal During Workout Alleviates Hypos
Researchers say that discontinuing basal insulin during exercise is “an effective strategy for reducing hypoglycemia in children with type 1 diabetes.” They note, however, that the risk of high blood glucose may be increased.