1000 B.C.- An Indian physician, Susruta, discovers diabetes.
100 B.C.- Greek physician Aretaeus names the disease diabetes after the word dia-bainein -“to siphon.”
1650- Thomas Willis describes the sugared taste of urine in people with diabetes.
1750- Cullen, a scientist, adds mellitus – Greek for “honey-sweet”- to the term diabetes.
1869- Paul Langerhans describes the islet cells of the pancreas.
1901- Eugene Opie links diabetes with islet cells.
1920- R.D. Lawrence develops the dietary exchange system.
1921- Frederick Banting and Charles Best discover insulin.
1936- PZI, a long acting insulin, is developed.
1938- NPH insulin is created.
1952- Lente insulin is introduced.
1956- Oral medications-sulfonylureas–are developed for people with type 2.
1961- Becton-Dickinson markets a single-use syringe.
1969- Ames Diagnostics creates the first portable blood glucose meter.
1979- The hemoglobin A1c test is created for the precise measurement of blood sugar control.
1979- The Derma-Ject needle-free insulin delivery system is marketed by The Derata Corporation.
1983- Humulin insulin is invented.
1992- Lispro is tested by Eli Lilly.
1993- The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial concludes that the best diabetes management is “tight control.”
1995- Precose and Metformin are approved for use by type 2s.
Thank you to Peter Nebergall, PhD., for his research.