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Researchers from Maastricht University in the Netherlands recently examined sleep patterns in overweight and obese teens. These adolescents were found to have higher homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, with sleep efficiency and total sleep time being contributing factors. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, is a method used to determine insulin resistance within beta-cell functioning.
The team also found that obese and overweight teens with a family history of noninsulin-dependent diabetes were at risk for developing persistent insulin resistance. These adolescents showed a higher homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, after puberty. Significant contributors included age, BMI, z-score, sleep efficiency, and total sleep time pre-puberty.
These findings were published in an issue of Diabetes, Obesity, and Metabolism in September 2015