My mother’s blood sugar level is 434. What kind of fruits and food is she supposed to be eating?
I am happy to read that your mother has an advocate such as yourself. You did not mention how long your mother has had Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes?
If your mother’s average blood sugar is 434 mg dL, it means her A1c is in the neighborhood of 16-17. This is an alarming number as the American Diabetes Association recommends an A1c of 7. After meal blood sugar should no exceed 180 mg dL, while pre-meal blood sugar should fall between 80-130. These standards of care are general guidelines.
My first recommendation is to reach out to your mother’s healthcare professional to discuss her high blood sugars. Many variables can be the cause of her high blood sugar. Diet is undoubtedly the most common. But, sometimes specific medications, like anti-inflammatory can raise her blood sugar as a side-effect. Getting sick or feeling stressed can also impact blood sugar levels. You also want to know if the ADA blood sugar guidelines are appropriate for your mother.
You did not mention if your mother is on an oral type 2 medication or if she is taking insulin. Depending on how long she has been on her medication, healthcare professionals tend to adjust medications as needed.
If a change in diet does not achieve a normal blood sugar target for patients that do not take medication for their diabetes, physicians will generally put Type 2’s on metformin and increase the dose if blood sugar targets are still not being met. If a Type 2 continues to maintain high blood sugars at the highest metformin dose, they may prescribe a SGLT2, Sensitizer, Starch Blocker, DPP4, SGLT2/DDP4, GLP1, Amylin Mimetic or insulin. Many of my Type 2 family members injected insulin.
Type 1’s are put on a basal (24 hour background insulin) and fast acting insulin. In addition to the regular daily insulin dosing, healthcare professionals teach Type 1’s how many units of insulin to take to bring down a high blood sugar. Diet and insulin on board is a factor when determining how many units of fast acting insulin is required to achieve a normal blood sugar range.
Here is where your role as her advocate makes a big difference in your mother’s life. Get her in to see her healthcare professional. Keeping blood sugars over 180 mg dL for a prolonged period of time can cause diabetes complications. Review her diet with her healthcare professional. She may need to learn carb counting and if she takes insulin how many units she needs to take to bring down her blood sugar. It helps to have two people at the healthcare professional’s office. People tend to remember different instructions.
Medication dosing for healthcare professionals can start out as a trial and error; requiring fine-tuning. Depending on your mother’s circumstance, her medication may need to be increased and her diet may need to change. Her health needs to be reviewed wholistically by her healthcare professional.
A big Kudos to your mother for testing her blood sugars. How else would she know how effective her medication and diet is unless she has feedback? I admire that she cares enough about her blood sugars by testing to see what range they may fall in.
I managed my Type 2 mother’s insulin, thyroid and depression medication. It was apparent to me when my mother needed to go back in to meet with her healthcare professional for blood work to see if her medication required to be increased or if it was time to start a different medication. Her depression and thyroid medication made a big difference in her will and motivation in her diabetes self-management.
One of my brothers, a Type 2 experienced high blood sugars and started seeing better blood sugar readings once he started carb counting. My former husband a type 1 prefers a low carb diet because it reduce his insulin requirements substantially.
In your mother’s case, it’s imperative to get her in to her doctor’s office ASAP. You can discuss her diet with them and ask about a low carb diet.
Sue Thom, a Certified Diabetes Educator, offer these evergreen tips in lowering your blood sugar:
1- Eating less food at the next meal, eliminating a snack and/or eating foods with a lower glycemic index.
2- Increasing activity or incorporating more exercise.
3- Increasing, changing medications, and/or administering them more frequently.
4- Relaxation techniques and behavioral management.
5- Treating identified illness and/or infections.
6- Monitoring on a more frequent basis and/or monitoring other parameters.
7- Increasing consumption of sugar-free fluids.
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ADA Blood Sugar Guidelines
Nadia’s feedback on your question is in no way intended to initiate or replace your healthcare professional’s therapy or advice. Please check in with your medical team to discuss your diabetes management concerns.
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