What Are the Effects of Smoking?

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Smoking has severe effects on your diabetes and your health. Quitting smoking will give you more energy, better control of your diabetes, and less chance of a heart attack or stroke.

Blood sugar:

Smoking raises your blood glucose (sugar) and reduces your body’s ability to use insulin, making it more difficult to control your diabetes.

Eyes:

Smoking can make vision problems worse and raise your risk of blindness.

Teeth:

Smoking raises your risk of getting gum disease and losing your teeth.

Nerves:

Smoking increases your risk of nerve damage, which can cause numbness, pain and problems with digestion.

Heart:

Smokers with diabetes are eleven times more likely to have a heart attack or stroke than people who don’t have diabetes and don’t smoke.

Kidneys:

Smoking triples your risk of kidney disease. Drugs that help prevent kidney failure don’t work as well for smokers.

Feet and legs:

Smoking can lead to serious foot and leg problems, like infections, ulcers, and poor blood flow, and raises your risk of amputation.

Cholesterol:

Many people with diabetes have high levels of cholesterol. Smoking makes this worse by increasing buildup on artery walls, putting you at more risk for heart attack or stroke.

Source: California Diabetes Program of the CDPH, UCSF, (caldiabetes.org)

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